The act was sponsored by Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA). The act created Death Valley National Park, Joshua Tree National Park and the Mojave National Preserve. Senator Daniel Inouye (D-HI) succeeded in adding the Timbisha amendment to the bill. The amendment directed the Secretary of Interior, in direct consultation with the tribe, to conduct a study to identify lands suitable for a reservation within the tribe’s aboriginal homelands.
The Timbisha Homeland Act transferred into trust, 7,753.99 acres of land for the Timbisha Shoshone Tribe. The land is not contiguous, made up of five separate parcels located in California and Nevada. The parcels represent many historic areas used traditionally by the tribe. The act also authorized the purchase of two properties now in private ownership. Lida Ranch, NV: 2,430 acres, and Indian Rancheria in Saline Valley, CA: 120 acres.
To provide for the use and distribution of the funds awarded to the Western Shoshone identifiable group under Indian Claims Commission Docket Numbers 326-A-1, 326-A-3, and 326-K, and for other purposes.
Treaty of Peace and Friendship made at Ruby Valley, in the Territory of Nevada, this first day of October, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, between the United States of America, represented by the undersigned commissioners, and the Western Bands of the Shoshone Nation of Indians, represented by their Chiefs and Principal Men and warriors